February 17 2014 - HOUSE
, HOW TO
Fireplaces are something that always capture the imagination of each of us, they are nice, they change the look of the house and there is not doubt that create a sweet and relaxed atmosphere. But how to build a fireplace it is a good job that you can afford only with caution and due diligence.
FIREPLACES , HOW TO BUILD A FIREPLACE
Build a stone fireplace can really give character adding value to the entire house. Obviously the design of the fireplace must be in harmony with the style and decor of the rest of the house.
If you are working on planning construction or remodeling of your house, you might be pleased to figure out and see, through a simulation, perhaps using a cardboard fireplace model, how your room will look with a built in fireplace. You can play with it, making changes of location, style, shape, size and color of your fireplace, and all of this without doing any work and without spend a cent.
When you are watching at a stone fireplace it is almost impossible not to feel a strong and intense emotion, whic is probably partly due to ancestral invocations that come to us from the past, handed down over centuries an centuries.
The same heating we are watching is substantially the same heating system that was used in the first human gatherings age prehistoric. At those times, but also until a few decades ago, in the castles and houses, especially in rural areas and towns, the fireplace was the center of the house and it was built in the most important room of the house, the meeting room, the room were the family could interact and socialize with its community exchanging opinions and experiences.
So today, the original heating function of the fireplace become less important with respect to the decorative value and, let’s face it, the sentimental aspect.
In short we can say that it is out of the question that a fireplace creates a romantic atmosphere. This is the reason why today the orientation is more addressed to the search of the artistic or even just aesthetic aspect, even at the cost of neglecting the more rational effectiveness and efficiency of the heating caloric leaving the task to really heat up to other heating systems.
Years ago I happened to see in a Nice Resort in California a very nice fireplace, but at a better watch I realized that it was completely artificial, it means with fake wood logs made in plastic, with a pipe connection to the gas system which provided the necessary fuel for the little flame that, of course, was having a decorative function only. And the best of all was that it was only necessary to switch on to get the firplace to light on. Greit efficiency and poor sentiment!
By contrast, in the country homes, mostly in Europe, it is not infrequent to find beautiful typical fireplaces built in the center of the room of these ancient and characteristic homes, surrounded by wooden or stone benches where once the family members were used to sit to warm up during the cold winters.
It is interesting to understand how the fireplace construction techniques depends on many variables often, especially for those not luxury, from the materials available on site.
Therefore you may find fireplaces built in granite or stone with inlaid wood , with small rounded boulders or coarse portions of volcanic rock. It was only a matter of style, taste and preferences.
It should first be said that if you are going to build a barbecue or an outdoor fireplace this is a demanding job but it is that it is doable even by those who are not an experienced builder, a diy, the construction of an indoor fireplace requires a knowledge of building techniques and it is not definitely recommend to lovers of amateur or DIY, instead it is better to revert to professionals. This is in order to avoid danger and damage to your home as well to injury to people.
When you start to design a fireplace, especially if it is a stone fireplace, you should keep in mind that, for example, with a low ceiling it is not good using large stones that would make the result as stuffy and cramped room.
In addiction it is a good advice is to use durable and resistant stones, without cracks or veins. Limestone, granite and metamorphic rocks are suitable and durable, while the soft rocks should be avoided like the slate and those that crumble easily as dolomite.
To build ad indoor fireplace, it is very important to use appropriate materials and particularly the refractory bricks to be fixed with specific refractory mortar. This is to be recommended especially for the furnace inside the fireplace, to avoid breakages because this is the part where the temperatures rich highest levels. Care being taken to increase the density of the dough in relation to its proximity to the fire. A helpful tip would be to make sure that the joints between bricks is thin in order to avoid the crumbling also because doing so the strenght is increased by the progressive vitrification of the joints at each switch.
Another useful suggestion may also be to go to an hardware store or in a DIY shop for building and carefully observe the patterns and characteristics of fireplaces exposed to get some ideas.
Alternatively you can buy the structure of the fireplace in prefabricated, it is easy to find several types of construction kit, and once assembled, provide to give the coating that is something that will give you plein satisfaction due to the wide offer of possibilities granted by the market.
Frankly is up to you, is just a matter of imagination and you are having a really rewarding job and to great effect.
BUILD A FIREPLACE
In this regard it should be noted that an important part of the work of installing a fireplace is definetely represented by the chimney. This element is of primary importance and we would say that this is certainly a job reserved for professionals, therefore it is inadvisable to attempt any different, unless you are very very expert.
Even the use of a pre-existing chimney can be dangerous if it is not a chimney suitable for this use, if it is not completely clean and free and if it was not built in a workmanlike. In fact, in the case of non perfect execution we can have a fire hazard .
Almost all metals are attacked by the oxygen in the air.
The reaction that this gas, in a humid environment, may cause to some metals is called oxidation.
The oxides ruin the appearance of metal objects and often also affect the mechanical strength of them.
Typical in this regard is the rusting of iron.
In some metals the oxidation process stops at the surface as the oxide creates a sort of protective film. In others instead, such as iron , the oxidation process continues even in depth .
In all cases, however, a treatment which is always effective is the use of abrasives. However abrasives (such as sandpaper) may cause a suface incision surface of the metal and you can not insist too much. If it is necessary to proceed deeply, it will be better to use specific chemicals.
HOW TO CLEAN THE METALS : ALUMINUM
For object in aluminum we must make a distinction when it comes to items that are used for food or not.
- In the case of pots and pans for cooking, due to frequent usage, the pots do not have time enaugh to be covered with oxide and then you probably need to do just a normal cleaning with soap and water and then proceed with a good rinse .
- For items destined to other purposes, they should be cleaned with a cloth soaked in ammonia (remember to use gloves and keep the window open to avoid the poisonous fumes).
After that, to polishing objects you may use a 10% solution of ammonia chloride in distilled water.
CLEAN METALS: IRON
To remove rust from iron, you can use many preparations but after a while the rust come back if the treatment is not repeated with some frequency.
To remove the rust you must wet first the object (if possible by immersing) with a solution of stannous chloride diluted to 8% in hot water. After a while by using a brush you must clean away the residue of rust, then brush it with ammonia to stop the action of stannous chloride and finally rinse and dry it.
Today, however, there are available special anti-rust enamel paints that can be spread directly onto rust and they have already a finished aspect.
HOW TO CLEAN THE METALS FROM RUST AND OXIDATION
- CLEAN SILVER
- If the object is scrubbable, prepare a paste with 60% chalk, 25% cream of tartar (more technically known as potassium hydrogen tartrate) and 15% of sodium borate, add a bit of water and rub the object with a cloth.
- If the object can not be rubbed, boil it in a solution of sodium thiosulphate .
- CLEAN COPPER
- You can wipe with a dry mixture of tartaric acid and diatomaceous earth (siliceous sedimentary rock )in equal parts.
- CLEAN BRASS
- For brass and other materials subject to blacken (as gas burners), rub them with a cloth soaked in vinegar.
We will never stop to repete that the kitchen is an important room of the house and it is the place where you meet your children in the morning when you wake up, it is the place where you dine and where after dinner, before going to bed, go for the last sip of water or tisane and say good night to our children. Statistically, the kitchen is also the room where discussions and quarrels take place the most (perhaps after the bedroom), where people meet to chat pleasantly maybe looking for a bit of privacy.
In short, as we said, it is an important room! .. and like the other rooms, can be dressed with colours, shades and tonalities giving to it its own personality.
Whitewash the kitchen does not mean just take a brush and start working with it, instead we should understand what we want from it …and from ourself, to feel confortable in our home.
If we are tired of our old kitchen because of its neutral and sad color, if we want to give a breath of novelty, trendy and fun, it may be enough changing the colors of the walls or the cabinets’ doors, by using a bit of fantasy and you will get a good result.
COLOR TREND FOR THE KITCHEN
It is nice that to think that in our times to be fashionable you do not have necessarily to follow straight directions, there is not a diktat that laying down strict rules to be followed, in fact as of today you may be fashion and trendy even just doing what you like because everyone can have his own concept of what is fashion and wath is not. Is only a question of taste (possibly good taste!).
However, today everybody is constantly looking for something and when they reach it, that target is not anymore important to them and they must address their attention to something else. The result of this life’s philosophy is that many are dissatisfaid.
As we said, we all are continuously looking for something different and also the kitchen interior and the home’s furnitures follow these rules.
Therefore we should talk about sentiment and emotions instead of trend.
If we do not go crazy for kitchens with all the walls of the same color, maybe beige or pale pink, we may try to change choosing kitchen color, for example, givig a first coat painting with a sober, normal, light color like ocher or light green, then combine some cheerful color that will bring a much more personal touch to your kitchen.
Always talking about kitchen paint colors, excellent results can be also obtained with a beautiful yellow gold or an orange tint, maybe put across or beside to the light green above mentioned or, also, some nice neon colors that will help you in the morning to wake you up while you are sipping your hot coffee.
We may also try to coordinate the colors of the cabinets’ doors with the color of the walls of your kitchen, looking for the best combinations or even with shades in contrast. On the other hand, it must be said that traditional furnishings can easily be livened up thanks to walls pain ted with bright and lit colors.
KITCHEN COLORS AND CHROMOTHERAPY
Today all of us we pay attention to what concerns the health in all its forms and no exception is made to the effect that colors have on our mood. In fact recently becomes more and more important choosing colors for the house where you live and this is not only for aesthetic reasons.
It seems that the blue in its various shades and tones can have a relaxing effect but, when it is paired with light colors, such as yellow or white, it reminds the colors of the marine seashore and gives a lively and cheerful feeling.
The light pink is another color that alone c ould be considered ‘old fashion’, but that definetely has a different effect when combined, for instance, with a pearl gray.
But the effects of the colors combinations, as you can imagine, are almost unlimited, from orange with electric blue, green with purple, not forgetting the classic black and white, fuchsia and black or silver grey and burgundy.
At every possible combination must also be added the matt polished version that does nothing but add more unsuspected color effects, without mention of any wood trim, maybe on a laminate kitchen furniture.
If we lack imagination, a considerable help we can get from the Ikea experience, in fact thanks to its software service you may project your own kitchen and this gives you the possibility to preview the effects that the combination of colors may have on your kitchen and you can create custom and original compositions.
CHOOSING KITCHEN COLORS
The colors and especially their combination, due to an optical effect, have the chance to reduce or expand spaces. The knoledge of this peculiarity could be very usefull when choosing kitchen colors.
Therefore, opposite walls light colors painted with a darker back wall, will give you the impression of having a kitchen very deep.
If we have instead a kitchen with a low ceiling, it is better to avoid dark color for the ceiling, in fact, instead, a light paint will give you the impression of a higher ceiling. For a small kitchen, to give the illusion of width it would be better using light colors on the walls. And so on.
As in many occasions, also in this field we can have a good help from the large retailers such as Ashley Furniture Home Stores, Walmart, Ikea, just to name some.
In fact the Furniture Stores in their showrooms reproduce home corners where they set up their products to promote the sale. Very often these spaces are wisely set up and can be a good source of ideas for you, so take a ride there, it might be instructive and ‘enlightening’.
About the fluorescent or gaudy colors that we appreciate so much, we must say that they are often the ones of which we get tired sooner, so our suggestions is to never exceed. Eventough as we changed once, we can do everytime we want, renewing from time to time with a little cost and a lot of satisfaction our kitchen, that corner of the house that is so important for us.
November 23 2013 - HOW TO
Christmas is the season of love, peace and family. Preparing and decorating our home for the Christmas holidays is a way to involve the whole family, a reason to gather and joy for all.
If you have decided to spend the Christmas holidays at home, a very important part of these holidays certainly is the Christmas’ Eve dinner .
A house full of love and warmth, a beautiful decorated Christmas tree, a lovely crib, are all things that fill the mind with peace and serenity.
A well laid table and prepared with flair , just adds to the festive atmosphere even a touch of elegance and class and will be something that everyone will appreciate is that you consume Christmas Dinner with your family, whether you have guests ..
Obviously to properly set the Christmas table must be well organized in advance.
THE TRADITION OF THE CHRISTMAS’ LUNCH, CHRISTMAS’ EVE DINNER
We do not intend repeat what everybody already know about Christmas, in fact all over the world there are different customs and traditions on how to celebrate Christmas Holydays.
- Someone is used to have the big dinner on the evening of Christmas’ Eve, often based on fish dishes, reserving for lunch, on December 25, only a lighter meal .
- Others, however, are traditionally used to have a light snack after midnight Holy Mass and then the great Christmas Lunch on the next day.
What definetely they all have in common is the preparation of a special table and an extensive delicious menu.
HOW TO PREPARE THE TABLE FOR CHRISTMAS
Whether it’s Christmas’ Eve dinner or Christmas luncheon, the care of the table, the decorations, the way you set the table, the choice of dishes, glasses and all the rest are of particular importance to time and we think we must put our best attention to that if we want to try to impress our guests, counting that reciprocate in a future occasions.
A minimum of programming certainly is essential to have a good result. It may be helpful to take a few notes to make sure you do not forget anything.
As always, on important occasions like this, is best to set the table in advance, for example, early in the morning for the Luncheon or in the early afternoon in case you will have a Christmas’ Eve Dinner.
The tablecloth can be white, embroidered tablecloth or the classic Christmas red tablecloth, but the important is that it is of the right size to hang from the table at least 10 inches on each side.
About the napkins, although those of tissue are obviously always the most suitable, if the situation allows it, you could replace them with paper napkins duly folded as triangle, possibly matching the tablecloth. But, please, never use the current white fastfood type napkins!
To mark the places at the table, find some placeholders, they are very useful so you will immediately know if your table is sufficient or if you need to provide several extensions.
There are several types of placeholders, from the simple stiker-holder to small trinkets, perhaps as a edible figurines of bread dough or almond (very nice! After identifying your place, you can eat it!). Another just as cute idea would be to use as markers, small anphoras in which put two-three teaspoons of cream and two cherry mozzarella with a little fork or a toothpick. Guests will love them!
Of course the etiquette tells us how they should be positioned cutlery. Although we are not too formal, proper disposal as well as functional satisfies the taste of the more refined connoisseurs of good taste. Therefore:
- The right to spoon and knife,
- Left for Forks,
- Fruit and dessert cutlery above
glasses slightly to the right front of the plate, next to the placeholder.
The dishes style should be appropriate to the type of interior decoration and the house’s style, without exceeding, but also without running out (and take also into account for some emergency, especially if there are children!)
Another not secondary element is the centerpiece (one or more, depending from the length of the table). A beautiful composition of dried or fresh flowers or fresh, made by yourself would definitely be of a great effect .. and it is nothing difficult.
Even some Christmas decoration placed here and there on the table would help to add a touch of cheer to the Christmas table denoting the care of the hostess to detail.
THE MENU OF CHRISTMAS, HOW TO PREPARE A CHRISTMAS MENU
Technically this is not part of the preparation of the Christmas’ table we are talking in this post, however the menu is an important part of the Christmas celebrations and it must be prepared according to the above tips in order to have a very well laid table.
Obviously we are not talking about the contents of the menu, for which we refer to other articles with the relevant recipes and ingredients, but specifically to the menu’s paper itself.
The menu is just an ‘accessory’ but it could come useful, especially if there are many guests and visitors and if some are vips. The writing of a particular menu, in any case, can be nice even among friends.
We may divide the type of Menu depending on the context of which we discussed above, you can then prepare
- a witty menu
- a more formal menu
In both cases, you can set the list of the courses on a normal white or colored paper, folded in half and placed in a horizontal direction, listing on the left the appetizers, main courses and to the right the desserts, drinks and coffee. And everything cheerfully decorated throughout.
To give more consistency you can also use some sort of thick paper, like a cover of a book, in which will be inserted the menu’s sheet. To keep nicely the two together you can use a piece of red ribbon.
Another possibility is to use a sheet on which we can try to imitate an ancient parchment and then roll up and fix with the usual red ribbon.
The Menus should be prepared one for every two guests. Very chic and humorous effect may be to make a copy of it in a bigger size to be placed on a coffee table next to the dinner table or, if you have it, on an easel or something similar, that you may put at the room entrance.
These are steps that can be very nice for a beautiful Christmas Table, however everything is still to be assessed at your own discretion , according to the confidence with the guests and the kind of atmosphere of the event, in order not to be ridicule, but rather to pleasantly surprise guests so they may keep a nice memory of Christmas past from you.
The SALT DOUGH is a material that can be easily used for many small craft projects, like to make an unusual Christmas brig.
But, what is the Sald Dough exactly? and how do you prepare it?
TO MAKE THE SALT DOUGH is not difficult. It is a material that, although its origins date back to the dawn of time , IT can be considered as timely as ever.
OBJECTS MADE WITH SALT DOUGH
To mold various kind of figurines and objects, normally are used materials considered more ‘noble’, like Das, terracotta, clay, plasticine or chalk, but perhaps, not everyone knows that one of the most popular materials used as today is just the salt dough which is the same ‘poor’ material used by our grandparents in the past. The reason of the choice of this type of material is to be found in its low cost and easy production.
In fact, to prepare the salt dough for the creation of figurines, characters or gifts is pretty simple, just need to make sure that the mixture has the right consistency.
PREPARATION OF SALT DOUGH
It should mix the ingredients in an accurate manner, following the guidelines below, you can change the quantity, but the proportions must be observed, and so:
- 1 pound and 16 onces of flour type ’00′
- 14 ounces of fine salt (or marine salt)
- 14 ounces of fresh water
- 1 tablespoon of white glue (or vinavil glue)
- 1 tablespoon of oil
To prepare the mixture to make the dough Salt you should mix all the ingredients, making sure to dissolve completely the salt into the water and then add to it, little by little, the flour to make the mixture homogeneous (same your mom does when she prepares a cake), at the end add the glue and the oil (the latter is not strictly necessary, but many suggest it, in order to make more workable the dough).
Mix, knead and knead and mix and knead again with patience and making sure that your hands are always wet, keep it up until you obtain a homogeneous mixture.
At this point it would be preferable to divide the dough into loaves of 7 to 12 ounces each and then wrap them in plastic wrap so to preserve the material from drying out. With this you can use the dough also at a later time.
HOW TO PAINT YOUR OBJECTYS OF SALT DOUGH
As a technique the painting can be done in two ways:
- first paint the paste of salt and then held divided the various quantities of different color to be used for modeling the parts of the figurine according to the colors you need.
- first you may mold the figurines or objects and paint them in a second time.
Once the work is finished the objects can be cooked in a microwave at 122-140.00 ° F, ensuring that reaches the right consistency without going overboard to avoid the formation of cracks.
November 20 2013 - HOW TO
THE NATIVITY OF SALT DOUGH, AN ORIGINAL CHRISTMAS CRIB
For Christmas time, especially among the peoples of the Mediterranean basin, but not only them, it is very common to prepare the Crib, the representation of the Holy Nativity of Jesus.
For the construction of this small picture of the world of over 2,000 years ago the tradition would suggest the use of various typical materials. These materials range from traditional products such as cork, wood, paper-mache, cardboard, etc., to get to more modern and innovative materials such as plexiglas and polycarbonate or even few as ancient as ….. bread dough!
Indeed, among the various materials with which you can model your crib, few would probably have thought of using …. salt and flour.
An excellent result with little expense to create a nice crib that remains over time and that, year after year can be also enriched with new elements and characters: the crib of salt dough.
To realize a very uncommun crib, you just must have a little bit of fantasy and a certain manuality for this kinf of DIY work .
Now you may start to make your own original crib version of
THE NATIVITY MADE WITH SALT DOUGH
The base material to build your crib is obviously represented by the salt dough paste, a compound that is obtained by mixing flour and salt chopped the most end as possible with the addition of water and a few teaspoons of wallpaper paste or vinavil glue to obtain an easily workable paste. In addition to the salt dough we will also need some materials that will be useful to build statues of the Nativity’s scene and the various objects, such as sticks, straw, wire, and so on.
The tools needed to work the salt dough are the same used to work Das or clay and, ultimately, also to prepare homemade pasta:
- rolling pin,
- the wheel for the ravioli,
- the garlic press.
STEP BY STEP HOW TO PROCEED TO BUILD THE CRIB IN SALT DOUGH
In order to mold the Nativity’s figurines usually they begin by forming a kind of cone or pear for the body and a small ball for the head. For the characters’ hair you can use the garlic-press that produces a kind of vermicelli of pasta suitable for this purpose. Then we take a little well-stretched dough with a rolling pin and form a kind of canvas on which cut off with a boxcutter as a atelier’s fashion designer in a cloak, a scarf, a collar, sleeves, and even a girdle, shoes, caps, etc.
Then you will assemble the parts to form the shapes of various characters. Similarly a layer knead a little thicker to build the hut and houses, cutting rectangles for walls and roofs which then you will join with the touch of your fingers, maybe helped by two drops of glue.
REFINISHING OF OUR CRIB MADE WITH SALT DOUGH
At this point it is possible to leave the natural color as it is, which has an all its own charm, to do this you have to put the statues to bake in the oven after having brushed them with a little egg yolk to give the typical amber color.
The alternative is to color each figurine. In this case you may follow two ways:
- coloring small amounts of salt dough with various colors depending on what you want to build , or
- after the figurines and other objects (houses, palms, etc) have been duly shaped, you will paint them, one at a time, by using a brush.
Now after the work, beside your beautiful Christmas tree you will also have your own, unique and very special Christmas Crib.
November 20 2013 - HOW TO
ORIGINAL CHRISTMAS TREE DECORATION
Christmas is just around the corner and everyone is struggling with the preparations for the most important and beautiful holiday of the year.
As the time is running fast it is definitely our deep desire to make our home full of a cheerful and comfortable atmosphere with characteristic made of scents, colors and flavors that we carry in our heart since childhood. On the other hand, as usual, we should always deal with the portfolio and therefore with the the need to save money, without renounce to things we like .
ORIGINAL CHRISTMAS DECORATIONS
Here are some simple tips that might come in handy to decorate our Christmas tree in an original way, without spending a fortune .
Take some oranges and lemons, possibly beautiful, firm and without blemishes.
On a kitchen cutting board, using a sharp knife, slice them to get several thin medallions, avoiding to make them too fragile.
Then we will put all the slices so obtained, well arched and spread out on a plate, on a cutting board or a wooden board that will be placed over a stove, a heater or any other heating surface, even the floor of the fireplace it would be fine as long as the heat does not burn.
Let the slices on this heating surface for a sufficient time to disidratarle very well the slices.
At this point we already get a first result by filling the house with a pleasant aroma of citrus fruits that begin to create the Christmas atmosphere of which we talked about earlier.
Once the slices are well dried, we make a small hole on each of them with a little nail, a needle or the scissor’s tip, through which we pass a golden thread or a ribbon to hang the slices on our Christmas tree getting an astonishing effect, with very little expenses and with a job that surely will leave excited your friends so that they appreciate a beautiful ecological and fragrant Christmas Tree.
It also must be said that the orange slices that you do not have used for the Christmas tree decoration are not useless. In fact you may use said slices to prepare a lot of lovely home decorations like a beautiful Christmas Wreath or centerpiece for the Christmas Eve’s Table.
November 6 2013 - DIY
, HOW TO
If you have a piece of land or a little garden, no matter how small it may be, it would be nice to realize a corner in which you can build a small greenhouse where you may have the possibility to preserve and grow your preferred plants during the cold season.
Moreover, given the prices of vegetables, as well as being an enjoyable and relaxing pastime the taking care of your plants could even be beneficial as a hobby.
To build a small greenhouse it’s not so difficult and, on the other hand, you can get a lot of satisfaction.
Let’s see how we can build our own greenhouse without spending a lot of money, operating in the field of the magic DIY, maybe even trying to reuse the materials that we have in the garage or basement (this certainly make both, your wife happy and your wallet less empty).
MATERIAL REQUIRED TO BUILD A SMALL GREENHOUSE
(example for a 10×40 ft. greenhouse)
- A plastic black sheet for soil of same size of the land’s surface (10×40 feet).
- A transparent plastic sheet about 37 ft. width and 50 ft. lenght (basically the width should be approximately 3 times the land’s size and the length is same of the land plus something for the front and the rear of the tunnel
- hydraulic plastic hoses with a diameter of 3/8 of an inch and elbow-cross pvc fittings
- Aluminum stakes camping
- Nylon rope
All the above materials are easily and readily available at any garden shop or DIY store. It should also be said that some of these materials may come from reused waste of carpentry, adding a pretty good additional savings and -let us say- a benefit for the environment.
To get an idea a little bit more precise we say that the length of the tubes must be a total of about ten feet less the width of the transparent cloth, keeping in mind that in the sense of the length, for every three feet it must be put a transverse support tube.
INSTALLATION OF OUR GREENHOUSE
It is necessary to connect with one another plastic pipes by using a plastic connecting pipe slightly larger or a piece of rubber hose 10 inches long which must be fixed in between of two plastic pipes.
So far, the plastic plumbing pipes are very suitable for this purpose because they are flexible enough to be forced as to arching the vault of our tunnel and at the same time they are very robust and offer a good resistance to the wind.
We will have to prepare eleven tubes each 51 feet long, achieved by linking (as mentioned in the previous paragraph ) pipes through rubber tubes.
We will plant into the ground one end of the first tube for approx. 7 inches and then arch the pipe so that the distance between the two ends of the arc is about 30 feet.
Then we’ll do the same thing with the second tube and we set it up approximately at 3 feet away from the first and go on.
So each arch will be spaced from the other about 3 feet to form a tunnel 40 feet long and 10 feet width. (Let us say that, obviously, the measures adopted are just indicative and therefore, keeping more or less the arches proportions, it’s possible freely modify the size of the greenhouse, according to our available space).
On top it would be appropriate to connect the top arches by using pvc cross fittings that will steady on the longitudinal lenght the entire framework of pvc.
Then we have to lay the breathable fabric to cover the entire rectangle of 40 by 10 feet of the surface of the ground inside the tunnel securing it with 4 pegs.
To reinforce the seal of each end of the tubes, close to the point where the tubes are planted into the soil we may fasten to the ground each pipe with two pickets contrasted with the tie rods linked to the same pipe so that an adequate seal is exercised to make a good wind resistance.
Finally we put the clear plastic over the arches, starting with one of the two ends of the tunnel, putting attention to leave a section of plastic (about 3 feet) to close the opening like a tent with the overlapped edges.
Once you have completed these steps, in order to give stability to the greenhouse it shall be appropriate to tie the tie rods at a height of approx. 4 feet from the ground on the tubes alternately, one and one not, staring at the tie rods on the ground with the stakes camping by passing the rod through a piece of wood drilled in order to regulate the draft as they usually do for camping tents.
It should be noted that the point where we will have drilled the plastic sheet in order to fix the tie rods will be the weak point where the fabric is more prone to tear, so it may be useful to reinforce it with small pieces of electrician tape.
To further refine and give solidity to the entire structure of our greenhouse it would be also advisable, if possible, strengthen the perimeter with bricks, placed as a little curb, or even with river’s round stones which will give also an aesthetically pleasant aspect.
Painting our house is something that we do periodically and every time we are facing the same problem: what color is the most appropriate for our house?
PCMS (Pantone Matching System Colours)
Guess what will be the most fashionable colors for furniture and for home is a very difficult exercise. Difficult, but not impossible.
There are many people (more than we may think) who take their own choices mostly based on what the trends of the moment say, according to the mood and the market sentiment or based on some guru’s feeling that establish what is good and what is’nt, as far the color it concerns.
But who really dictates the trends, who determines the color or colors that will be trendy next year ? Obviously in this field, like in the fashion world, fortunately everyone can freely express his own opinion and, at the same way, you can take it into account or not.
Of course if the suggestion of what are the best combinations or what will be the preference in terms of colors for next year comes from a professional, probably that is correct and this means that in effect what he says is really the attitude of the market. After that is up to us to decide to be trendy or, instead, be original or even countercurrent.
Just by having in mind these concepts we must say that there is a point of reference, universally recognized as a valid and reliable professional which will inspire all those who, for one reason or another, need to know what the standards of the market are with regard to the world of colors.
We are talking of Pantone, mostly known as PCMS (Pantone ColoursPantone Matching System), the international standard for the determination of the colors themselves that, as we all know, in their variants are derived from the mixture of the four primary colors (magenta, cyan, yellow and black) or six colors (the previous with the addition of orange and emerald green ), giving rise to 1144 colors coded in a reference catalog .
If we are planning to remodel our house or renew the color of the walls of our kitchen or the color of the master bedroom or also we want prepare the room for a newcoming baby, so we may want to know which is the better color to use, the most popular and appropriate color paint or combination of colors for our Diy work.
So, what is the trends for 2014 are, according to Pantone ?
As every year the world ‘s authoritative body color, Pantone Inc., an American Company established in the mid-nineties and now belonging to the X-Rite Group, a global leader in color calibration technology, outlines what will be the tones of colours that will characterize the coming year.
Pantone indicates not only the colors, but especially precise combinations in a variety of color palettes that offer the chance to choose between different nuances for their creations to art lovers and interior design experts.
The trendy colors for 2014, the color palette to which it should revert anyone who is planning of tinting his own apartment or intends to remake or renew the furniture to make it more modern and contemporary, are substantially nine:
- Techno – Color palette includes colors that related in some way to the technological world, frequently used on reflective surfaces. These include silver, emerald green, methil blue, tillandsia purple, majolica blue, dark citron, jet black and orange exuberance
- Physicality – energetic colors counterbalanced by the alternance of calm colours leading to a quiet sentiment. Therefore a forged iron, satellite gray, antique moss, olive green alternates with colors like herbal lavender, purple grape, rose brown and a foggy gray
- Sculpted Simplicity – neutral tones with colors ranging from white to gray, but also purple and silver gray or anodized brown elegantly harmonized
- Fluidity – this color palette is a melting of water tones and also bright and vibrant colors for a house full of life and emotions. Colors like fusion coral, dewberry purple, dazzling blue, absinthe green, until a warmth samoan sun
- Collage – similar to the previous one, but with colors a bit less bright, denoting in each case a sound of familiarity, warm and nostalgic palette with colors like reddish, tea rose pink, margarita green, aquamarine, pumpkin spice, provincial blue
- Intimacy – pastel colors, delicate and, as the name implies, close, lovable and soft with a white gardenia, rose and lotus blossom pink, opal and colored pale lavenders gray
- Moda- looking for attention, a palette of voluptuous tones displaying fashionable flourishes not without glimmering and glamor. So we found red dahlia, cranberry purple, amber green , blue corsica and magenta haze opaque colors typical of high fashion
- Tribal Threads : a palette that looks to the tastes and sensations with tribal characteristics typical of a community to which we belong always. Color combination simple and complex at the same time, goblin blue with rose dusted cedar shade, bleached sand, gray incense and arabesque orange to end to kangaroo brown
- Eccentricities – color palette irreverent , playful, giving also a sens of adventure and also evocative of contrasts. So we have warm colors such as nectarine orange, rouge red or neon green flash or blue skydiver and strawberry ice or bold blue, brown caramelized or even red hot.
The world of the colors is a wonderful world and there is room for every initiative to improve the perception of the beauty of the things around us, making it a better place to live in. It is proved that an environment with well-coordinated colors helps to give a sense of well-being in people who live there and this results in an improvement of the relations among people.
-photo by courtesy of Pantone Inc-
The comfort of a cozy home, the warmth of a nice floor, maybe also with a nice fireplace, are all elements of a framework that everyone has in his heart, because the house is the place where you feel safe, calm and in total peace of mind. and this is how it should always be.
To make sure that our place has these requirements, these features, which make of it ‘our’ sweet home, there are many things that you can do.
The important is to try personalize it, to make it unique, with furniture chosen by us for us according to our sensibility and our emotionalism, in short… to represent us.
But there are also many other elements that may contribute to give a touch of personality and warmth, one for all is the floor…. yes people, the floor!
Do we like a floor where we may walk barefoot even in winter, a floor able to transmits to us the feeling of intimacy of the house? Do we?
Why don’t think of a nice wooden floor with wooden planks in? This is one of the warmest and attractive types of flooring and presently it is also trendy, you will see with your friends!
The laying of a floor planks is not a very complicated work and we can also perform it by ourselves.
TYPES OF WOOD FLOOR
To choose the appropriate type of wood floor that better comply with our desires, it is better to consider some key factors for the choice:
- The thickness available we have
- If we have the need to isolate the room from the thermal or acoustic point of view
- What is the current coverage of the floor on which we have to install the wooden planks
- The ability of those who provide for installation of the floor as well the availability of suitable equipment (for instance for sanding wooden floor)
- The amount of time we intend to spend on tghis work
- How much we have in mind as a budget
one last detail that we have to take into account is the possible existence of a system of underfloor heating (which drastically alters the way to pose). For semplicity we will talk about in another post.
After having told these considerations, we have to add that there are different types of wood flooring:
- Floating floors
- Flooring with wooden planks
about the first two types we have already discussed in other posts, therefore now we want to concentrate on the laying of the floor plank of wood.
LAYING OF STRIPS OF WOOD, INSTALLATION OF WOODEN PLANKS
- LAYING-STRIPS OR WOODEN PLANKS FIXED WITH GLUE
Installing Wooden Floor Planks, as of today there are no longer problems like in the past, linked to deformation and settling of the planks of solid wood. This is thanks to new products such as silanic glues (which are gradually replacing the two-components glues) that make easier the pose, in addition to that the second important aspect is the care of the fund which must be absolutely smooth and ‘primer’.
The planks can be pre-polished and pre-painted with paints without VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds) with the advantage that the floor will be usable in a relatively short time, without having to wait days, as in the past, and there will be no release of hazardous fumes.
Usually, professional installers prefer to have wooden planks rough and then proceed to the polishing and painting on site.
For our part, we will choose the type we prefer according to the equipment that we have, and bearing in mind that when laying flooring planks you have to wait ten days after gluing and then proceed to fill all the boards and, after being sanded, you must pass through some cotes of natural oil that should be well absorbed by the wood and evaporated.
2- wallnuts stripes
3- hydraulic mortar screed
- LAYING WOODEN PLANKS TO BE NAILED
The laying of planks to be fixed with nails is certainly simpler and more healthy because there is no gas fumes neither compounds spread out in the air .
Of course, to be able to use the technique of nailing it will be necessary to have a suitable primer base, prepared by placing strips of chestnut (or wallnut) on it, into a screed of hydraulic mortar.
The nailing system also guarantees against the risk of deformation of the planks.
- INSTALLATION OF FLOATING WOODEN FLOOR
As we have already seen under the floating floors or parquet, also the wooden planks are packaged in pre-sanded and pre-painted kits, ready to be installed. Those kits are available everywhere at any DIY shop.
The only important requirement for this kind of flooring is that the ground is perfectly flat and smooth. It should be better to put on the bottom a Jute fiber mat to prevent the decline of the plank when you will walk on it.
This is a quick and reliable way to install a floor, but it has some drawbacks, infact it is not particularly suited for laying a solid wood plank